Ping Pong, also known as Table Tennis is a miniature version of the famous tennis game. Like tennis, table tennis is played with a table, rackets and ping pong balls of course. The background on the dimensions of a table tennis table and the useful information that comes with it is a good read for you.
Table tennis is played using a table basically. The game can be played in a single manner wherein there is 1 player on each opponent. Also, it can be played in doubles where two sides have a pair of players.
Ping pong is a game wherein the players have sustain a high level of concentration at all times, must practice good reflexes and possess the ability to spin the ball. With the proper equipment and proper understanding of rules, one can excel in this sport at the same time enjoy the game to the fullest.
Ping pong – a brief history. The ping pong game became popular worldwide after its inception in Britain. Wiff-Waff is the other name of table tennis in United Kingdom. Wiff-Waff is considered more of a recreation game rather than a sports competition game in the UK. Piles of books are used as net. During those days, there is no specific design for rackets; they also use books as rackets. And they are using golf ball to complete the game. As the game evolved, a lot of improvements were made. Rules and equipment used for playing were standardized. The rackets and tables later have standard dimensions.
After the birth of the ping pong in Britain, the dimensions of the table, rules of the game and the equipment being used underwent changes over time. In circa 1921 in London, the Table Tennis Association was formed. It was then followed by the founding of International Table Tennis Federation in 1926. It was in 1988 when the game ping pong was introduced in the Olympics.
The International Table Tennis Federation of ITTF is a governing body in charge of the table tennis associations around the world. Some of their roles are to oversee rules and regulations and seek technological improvement for table tennis.
A Detailed Ping Pong Table Dimension
A standard ping pong table has a length of 9 feet. The equivalent size in metric system is 2.74 meters. This is the standard length required by the International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF). With the position of the net, the table is divided into two halves.
According to ITTF, the standard width of a ping pong table is 5 feet. This is equivalent to 1.525 meters in the metric system. A white line is used to divide the table into two parts along with the width. The two sections formed by the white line is used in playing doubles.
The standard height of a table tennis table is 30 inches high or equivalent to 76 centimetres above ground surface.
The standard of the net approved by the ITTF is 6 inches or 15.25 centimetres. The assembly of the net is consists of supporting posts and clamps which are attached to the table. To suspend the net from supporting posts, a cord is used. Most ping pong tables had a net made of nylon.
- Dimensions of Ball and Bat
The diameter of a ping pong ball is about 40mm, it is the standard size. It is a celluloid made hollow ball. Long ago, the original standard diameter of a ping pong ball is 38mm only. If a ping pong ball is rated 3 stars, it means the roundness and bounce are both consistent. The ideal weight of a ping pong ball is 2.7 grams.
The racket used for playing table tennis is 10.6 centimetres long. The standard height is 19.36 centimetres and the width is 15.24 centimetres. The racket should weigh 180 grams. In the US, they call it paddle and in Europe they call it bat.
Making a Ping Pong Table
The primary material used in making a ping pong table is called Masonite. A Masonite is hardboard composed of wooden chips. These wooded chips used in manufacturing tables undergo treatments. They are treated with steam in order for them to form long fibres; these fibres are the components of a board. Wood made ping pong tables are the only approved tables by the ITTF.
- The required surface of a ping pong table is reached when once the ball is dropped from a 12-inch height; it will result to a bounce of 8 – ¾ inch. The ball should bounce with the same consistent height in the whole surface of the table. A uniform bounce is an important requirement for a table in international tournaments where every point matters. Another important factor that determines the bounce of the ball is the thickness of the table. A 1-inch thickness ensures that the ball bounces uniformly. Some tables are ¾ inch thick.
- The table tennis table has a dark surface. The approved colors by the ITTF are either green or blue. The white line which divides each half of the table into 2 more sections should have a thickness of 3mm. While the lines that act as borders along the table surface should be 2 cm thick. The white lines serve as borders for the table surface; the actual playing area extends right up to the edges and 2 cm is the thickness of line portion.
- Location space is important in playing ping pong. With the given dimension of a standard ping pong table, an additional allowance should be given importance for the game to be played well and at the same time players will be given enough space to move. In this game especially in some professional competitions, players are required to make movements like the back swing. They need enough space for proper execution. It is necessary to provide a space allowance of 3 feet on both sides of the table. Also, a space of at least 6 feet is required at the position of the players. This area creates enough room for players to move freely and play their shots. In international games the playing area should be 14 meters by 7 meters.